What Is Biogas?
Biogas is a type of biofuel that is naturally produced from the decomposition of organic waste. When organic matter, such as food scraps and animal waste, break down in an anaerobic environment (an environment absent of oxygen) they release a blend of gases, primarily methane and carbon dioxide. Because this decomposition happens in an anaerobic environment, the process of producing biogas is also known as anaerobic digestion.
Anaerobic digestion is a natural form of waste-to-energy that uses the process of fermentation to breakdown organic matter. Animal manure, food scraps, wastewater, and sewage are all examples of organic matter that can produce biogas by anaerobic digestion. Due to the high content of methane in biogas (typically 50-75%) biogas is flammable, and therefore produces a deep blue flame, and can be used as an energy source.
The Ecology of Biogas
Biogas is known as an environmentally-friendly energy source because it alleviates two major environmental problems simultaneously:
- The global waste epidemic that releases dangerous levels of methane gas every day
- The reliance on fossil fuel energy to meet global energy demand
By converting organic waste into energy, biogas is utilizing nature’s elegant tendency to recycle substances into productive resources. Biogas generation recovers waste materials that would otherwise pollute landfills; prevents the use of toxic chemicals in sewage treatment plants, and saves money, energy, and material by treating waste on-site. Moreover, biogas usage does not require fossil fuel extraction to produce energy.
Instead, biogas takes a problematic gas, and converts it into a much safer form. More specifically, the methane content present in decomposing waste is converted into carbon dioxide. Methane gas has approximately 20 to 30 times the heat-trapping capabilities of carbon dioxide. This means that when a rotting loaf of bread converts into biogas, the loaf’s environmental impact will be about 10 times less potent than if it was left to rot in a landfill.
As opposed to letting methane gas release to the atmosphere, biogas digesters are the systems that process waste into biogas, and then channel that biogas so that the energy can be productively used. There are several types of biogas systems and plants that have been designed to make efficient use of biogas. While each model differs depending on input, output, size, and type, the biological process that converts organic waste into biogas is uniform. Biogas digesters receive organic matter, which decompose in a digestion chamber. The digestion chamber is fully submerged in water, making it an anaerobic (oxygen-free) environment. The anaerobic environment allows for microorganisms to break down the organic material, and convert it into biogas.
To produce biogas, organic matter ferments with the help of bacterial communities. Four stages of fermentation move the organic material from their initial composition into their biogas state.
- The first stage of the digestion process is the hydrolysis stage. In the hydrolysis stage insoluble organic polymers (such as carbohydrates) are broken down, making it accessible to the next stage of bacteria called acidogenic bacteria.
- The acideogenic bacteria convert sugars and amino acids into carbon dioxide, hydrogen, ammonia, and organic acids.
- At the third stage the acetogenic bacteria convert the organic acids into acetic acid, hydrogen, ammonia, and carbon dioxide, allowing for the final stage- the methanogens.
- The methanogens convert these final components into methane and carbon dioxide- which can then be used as a flammable, green energy.
Many Uses of Biogas:
Biogas can be produced with various types of organic matter, and therefore there are several types of models for biogas digesters. Some industrial systems are designed to treat: municipal wastewater, industrial wastewater, municipal solid waste, and agricultural waste.
Small-scale systems are typically used for digesting animal waste. And newer family-size systems are designed to digest food waste. The resulting biogas can be used in several ways including: gas, electricity, heat, and transportation fuels.
For example, in Sweden hundreds of cars and buses run on refined biogas. The biogas in Sweden is produced primarily from sewage treatment plants and landfills.
Another example of the diversified uses of biogas is the First Milk plant. One of the UK’s biggest cheese makers is building an anaerobic digestion plant that will process dairy residues and convert into bio-methane for the gas grid. New anaerobic digestion plants like these with fascinating stories keep popping up every day!
Small-Scale Biogas Systems
Small-scale, or family-size biogas digesters are most frequently found in India and China. However, the demand for such units is growing rapidly throughout the world thanks to more advanced and convenient technologies, such as HomeBiogas. As the modern world is producing more and more waste, individuals are eager to find ecologic ways to treat their trash.
Traditional systems typically found in India and China focus on animal waste. Due to a lack of energy in rural areas combined with a surplus of animal manure, biogas digesters are very popular, useful, and even life-changing. In many developing countries, biogas digesters are even subsidized and advocated by the government and local ministries, who see the variety of benefits produced from using biogas. In addition to having a clean renewable energy provide gas in the kitchen, many families make extensive use of the fertilizer by-product that biogas digesters provide.
In African countries, some biogas users even turn a profit by selling the bio-slurry by-product produced by biogas systems. This bio-slurry is different from the liquid fertilizer that is produced daily. Bio-slurry refers to the most decomposed stage of the organic matter, after it has been broken down in the system. Bio-slurry sinks to the bottom of the biogas system, and with the help of modern units like HomeBiogas, is easily emptied out once accrued (usually an annual process). This bio-slurry is in fact a nutrient-dense sludge that provides lots of benefits to soil, and can increase productivity of vegetable gardens.
Biogas is a technology that mimics nature’s ability to give back. Both industrial-size and family-size biogas units are becoming incredibly popular and relevant in today’s world. As the application and efficiency grows, biogas can make a significant impact on reducing greenhouse gases. As a clean source of energy and a renewable means of treating organic waste, biogas is applicable both in under-developed and industrialized countries.
Epoxy – All there is to know.
Epoxy 3D installation process involves laying down a layer of self-leveling primer followed by the desired image. This is then treated with a transparent two-component epoxy or polyurethane to give the perfect image depth. A level of protective varnish is the final step.
Epoxy 3D Floor is gaining increasing popularity. Epoxy 3D floor has been used more and more in shopping malls, halls, offices, homes and apartments due to its creativity and high performance. This is the latest fad in the fancy floor world.
Not like a sticker or painted vinyl that is directly under your feet, the installed epoxy 3D floor gives the perception of depth and is impervious to all sorts of damage that would usually affect floor decorations.
Benefits of Epoxy
- Visual effect – The most significant advantage of epoxy 3D floor is the stunning visual effect. In addition to the gorgeous appearance, it can visually solve many problems of the room interior because of the unique aesthetic qualities. By choosing the right 3D floor design, color and pattern, with the help of self-leveling epoxy coatings you can even visually increase the room space. It can help to implement the infinite imagination of the designer and attracts the eyes endlessly.
- High strength – Epoxy is virtually impervious, and highly resistant to acids, chlorine and other materials such as bleaches and daily cleaners. For the very same reason, the floors are considered good for industrial sectors as well as for home. when properly installed, epoxy 3D floor can serve at least 15 years of age, without changing its color.
- Easy maintenance – Epoxy 3D floor has no seams, joints, cracks, pores and gaps make the 3D flooring is absolutely immune to any kind of dirt, dust, water and chemicals.
- Safe and hygiene friendly – Epoxy 3D floor does not accumulate dust and do not create a favorable environment for a variety of pathogens / bacteria. Epoxy floor materials used have no odor and corrosive fumes, and are safe for human health, which is mandatory and confirmed by the manufacturer certificates. It is important also that epoxy materials are very resistant to high temperatures such as in the event of fire.
- Fire resistance – Epoxy / polymers do not burn, it is one of the reasons that the coating used in manufacturing, warehouses, hospitals, child care centers and other places where increased control of fire safety are needed.
If you would like learn more, ENROLL NOW click on this link to get in touch with DINERO EPOXY VENTURS today
HOW DO I GET TRAINED ?
DINERO EPOXY VENTURES is a company which trains interested individuals on becoming experienced and Expert Biogas and Biogas Digester Architects as well as Expoxy installer experts (depending on which course you take). They will give you a detailed training for all you need to know about Biogas and how to install the digesters properly.
DINERO EPOXY VENTURES also specialize in 3d floor design, Metallic floor design, Epoxy Industrial coating, Glittering floor, Flakes Floor design, 3d ceiling design , 5d wall mural design, 3d wall panel,3d wall mural design, Decorative concrete stamp design, Acid stain seal design and have trained men and women in Ghana and across west Africa to become professional epoxy installer and contractor as well as Biogas architects and installers Today many are living a professional career in Epoxy and Biogas.
Below are pictures of Hands on Training on Both BIOGAS and EPOXY.
WILL CERTIFICATES BE AWARDED AFTER THE TRAINING?
Definitely! How else are you to show that you have acquired skills in the installation of Biogas Digesters or Epoxy Designs and go ahead to set up your own Biogas digester or Epoxy Company?
Yes, you will definitely be awarded certificates for both the Epoxy and Biogas training if you decide to take both.
Below are pictures of some students who have graduated from DINERO EPOXY VENTURES
HOW MUCH DOES IT COST FOR A TRAINING AND HOW DO I CONTACT DINERO EPOXY VENTURES ?
Irrespective of what training you decide to enroll in, you will pay a Registration Fee of ¢50
Then, depending on what training you want to undertake you will pay a TRAINING FEE of ¢250
Bio Gas only ¢250
Bio Digester only ¢250
3D Epoxy Floor,ceiling, wall panels installations and wallpapers only ₵250
But Hey! Before you go, there’s an offer for you. You can choose to pay ¢250 for a single course or Learn all courses at a subsidized price of GH₵500 Flat (LIMITED OFFER!).
LOCATE US AT:
(Number 5 Tabora at Kenyebian Event center) Accra, Ghana
Call or WhatsApp us on 0245434790
If you would like to ENROLL NOW or make more enquires, click on this link to get in touch with DINERO EPOXY VENTURS today